Myanmar Arts

myanmar20168

Myanmar is a country full of ancient traditions and culture. From time to time, the Myanmars have adapted different cultures and arts. To describe about the Arts of Myanmar, there are 10 Myanmar traditional arts which are metaphorically called "Ten Flowers".

myanmar20166

Theses arts have been passed on from one century to another until today. The 10 arts are as follows:

  • Panbe (the art of blacksmith)
  • Panbu (the art of sculpture)
  • Pantain (the art of gold and silver smith)
  • Pantin(the art of bronze casting)
  • Pantaut (the art of making floral designs using masonry)
  • Panyan (the art of bricklaying and masonry)
  • Pantamault (the art of sculpting with stone)
  • Panpoot (the art of turning designs on the lathe)
  • Panchi (the art of painting)
  • Panyun (the art of making lacquer ware)

 

We have 122 guests and no members online



Panbe ( the art of blacksmith )

Panbe is the tempering of iron in the furnace to make necessary items. The artisans make ox cart axle, ox cart iron, tyre, scissors, hammer, adze, pickaxe, knife, hatchet, axe, digging hoe and mattock. The Myanmar’s traditional blacksmith craft emerged in the early of Bagan period (11th century A.D)
 

The art of Myanmar Zat-pwe

Photo Credit - www.artsinitiative.columbia.edu
 
 

Panyan (the art of bricklaying and masonry)

Photo Credit - www.mebstours.com
 Panyan is an enterprise which constructs the buildings using bricks, stones and cement. The masons build brick houses, Pagoda, bridges. Myanmar’s traditional masonry works enjoys world wide renown for the ancient Pagodas and other religious buildings around the Bagan region.
 

Anyeint

Photo credit- www.myanmarcelebrity.com
Anyeint is a dance form closely resembling popular theatre. The name of this form is drawn from a Myanmar word meaning “gentle,” which is a fitting description.Although its origins are somewhat unclear, Anyeint is popular in Myanmar today, and is frequently encountered as one of the entertainments provided in connection with the numerous festivals which are an important part in Myanmar life.
 

Pantaut (the art of making floral designs using masonry)

Photo Credit - www.myanmartravelguide.blogspot.com
Pantaut means a handicraft of making decorative floral designs in relief with stucco. The artisans make the figures of lions, dragons and floral designs with stucco. Myanmar traditional stucco carving emerged before the Bagan period and it improved in the Bagan, Inwa, Amarapura and Yadanapon period. According to the historical records, Stucco works were very famous in Bagan period. Stucco works of Bagan period have detailed decorations.
 

Lethwei (Myanmar Kick Boxing)

Photo Credit - www.fightland.vice.com
Myanmar Traditional Boxing is a form of kickboxing which originated in Myanmar. Lethwei is in many ways similar to its siblings from neighboring South-East Asian countries such as Tomoi from Malaysia, Pradal Serey from Cambodia and Muay Thai from Thailand. If Thai Boxing is the science of 8 limbs, then Lethwei can be called the science of 9 limbs, due to the allowance of head butts. In comparison, Lethwei can be interpreted as being bolder and more extreme.
 

Panbu (the art of sculpture)

Photo Credit - www.myanmarembassydhaka.com
Panbu means the one which produces figures and floral designs made of wood or ivory. The artisans make the figure of human beings and animals and floral designs. Myanmar’s traditional sculpture emerged before the Bagan period and it improved in the middle of Bagan Era.
 

Panyun (the art of making lacquerware)

Panyun means a handicraft which produces materials made of bamboo, wood and thick black varnish (sis-se). Lacquerware artisans produce alms food bowl, bowl for monk, and bowl of pickle tea, lacquer vessel, drinking cup, betel box, and cheroot box. Myanmar traditional lacquerware emerged in the early part of Bagan period.
 

Myanmar Movies

Photo Credit - www.lonchaney.org

 Hollywood-class movies related to Myanmar (1890-2000)
 

9 Nawarat Ring

credit- www.landofjade.com
The nine gems are ruby, pearl, coral, sapphire, diamond, cat's eye, emerald, topaz and zircon. The Nawarat Ringnawarat, a ring usually of gold with a ruby at its center and around it clock-wise from the twelve o'clock position, diamond, pearl, cat's eye, zircon or pyrope , emerald , topaz , sapphire, and coral.
 

Myanmar Dances

Photo Credit - www.gomyanmartours.com
The Myanmar dance moves from ancient times were known by carefully analyzing and rediscovering the murals on the temple ruins in Myanmar. This is especially true for Bagan Dances. For other dances, historic books and literature showed accounts, while our links to Ayuthdaya (Thai) and India suggested similarities in our dances. Of course, the inherited dance moves from generation to generation in dance troupes also taught us how the Myanmar dances were like in the days before British colonialism.
 

Myanmar Puppets

Photo Credit - www.semesteratsea.org
 
In old days, Myanmar artists made Myanmar style figures with movable limbs i.e. arms, legs, head etc. and tried to move these moving parts by playing/controlling strings connected to these movable parts so as the actions look like as human being. At that time, the people who played the puppet show made puppets themselves.
 

Bark Painting

Photo Credit - www.pinterest.com
 
Bark Painting has been a new generation of wood designing. The manufacturers of Bark Paintings usually use the bark from large trees and old trees. The barks of the tree are taken off and dried in the sun. After drying, the bark paintings are done in Myanmar Traditional way.
 

Panchi ( the art of painting )

Photo Credit - www.zayyathuya.com
Panchi is the one which illustrates living animals and inanimate objects using different colours. The artists paint the figures of human beings, animals, objects, scenery designs and cartoons. Myanmar traditional painting developed with the religion of Buddhism in the Bagan Region. Thus, Bagan become a repository of ancient Myanmar traditional paintings and sculptures in the 11th century A.D. Because of Myanmar artist’s achievements, we have more
 

Maha Gita

Photo Credit - www.gomyanmartours.com
 
The complete body of Myanmar classical songs is usually referred to as, the "Maha Gita," meaning great or royal song. The repertoire is also sometimes referred to as "Thachin Gyi," or great songs. These were the songs of the royal Myanmar courts and form the basis of Myanmar classical music. The Maha Gita repertoire is pervasive in the performance of Myanmar music.
 

Pantin (the art of bronze casting)

Photo Credit - www.gomyanmartours.com
Pantin is an enterprise producing materials of copper, bronze or brass. The artisans make triangular brass gong, gong, and brass bowl for monk, weights in the shape of brainy ducks, tray, copper pot, cup bowl, cymbal, bell jingle bell and small brass gong. Myanmar’s traditional coppersmith’s craft emerged before Bagan period and it improved during Bagan and Inwa period. Every pagoda in Myanmar has bells, which were struck to tell the people of good deeds done.
 

Mystic Ball

Photo Credit - www.shwemyanmar.info
 
Mystic Ball is a documentary about the traditional Chinlone sport of Myanmar. The film is a thrilling sports movie, an insightful journey to a new world, and a lyrical personal story.
 

Pantamault (the art of sculpting with stone)

Photo Credit - www.gomyanmartours.com
Pantamault is the one stones curving. The artisans make Buddha images pole for Sima, pillar, leograph, elephants, deer, circular flat stone, pestle and mortar and table. Sculpture in stone is a significant feature of Myanmar fine arts, has to this day been the pride and honour of Myanmar people. There are sculpture studios or workshops in Yangon, Mandalay and other towns in the country, but the majority of studios are concentrated in Mandalay.
 

The 18 Noble Arts

Photo Credit - www.myanmarhandicrafts.com
 
For thousands of years, all noblemen of Myanmar royal families are required to learn all 18 Essential Arts of Myanmar Noble Men.
It was known as "Ahtar Ratha 18 subjects" of arts. They are considered as compulsory.
These 18 subjects are:
 

Pottery

Photo Credit - www.wolfeeboy.wordpress.com
Pottery has been the earliest craft in the history of human civilization. People in the terrain area had began to make use of pots, which could be easily and cheaply produced. Although pots are fragile, these can be made use in many useful ways. Pots were not only used to store or cook food but also as burial urns to bury gold and jewelleries.
 

Traditional Myanmar Music

Photo Credit - www.myanmartravel.org
 
Myanmar traditional music are based from the sounds made from instruments grouped in the following five categories.
1) Kyee
Kyee or Bronze made instruments such as gongs.