Myanmar History

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Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.

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After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527. Surviors of the destruction of Inwa eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar. A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Rangoon, now known as Yangon. Myanmar was known to the West ever since western explorers had heard of it. Marko Polo was the earliest known westerner who discovered Myanmar and introduced to the West.

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King Bagyidaw

Bagyidaw (A.D 1819-1837), king of Myanmar from 1819 to 1837. The seventh monarch of the Konbaung, or Alaungpaya dynasty, he was defeated in the First Anglo-Myanmar War (1824-26).
 

Historical Events of Myanmar

 
Photo Credit - www.panglong.org
 
The Hope Diamond
 

King Mindon

King Mindon (1853-1878) was the king of Myanmar from 1853 to 1878. His reign was notable both for its reforms and as a period of cultural flowering in the period before the imposition of complete colonial rule. 
 

History of Myanmar

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC.
 

Zawgyi(writer)

Photo credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
Zawgyi (Burmese: ဇော်ဂျီ, conceived Thein Han (သိန်းဟန်, 12 April 1907 - 26 September 1990) was a recognized and driving Burmese artist, creator, abstract history specialist, commentator, researcher and scholastic.
 

U Shwe Yoe @ U Ba Ga Lay

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
U Shwe Yoe's original name was U Ba Ga Lay. He was a pioneer famous Cartoonist, Actor, Comedian and Dancer. U Ba Ga Lay invented Myanmar's most famous Dance and Character known as U Shwe Yoe. He was born in 1893, Pathein, the delta region of Myanmar. His parents were U Pho Thi and Daw Thae Mhone, both were teachers of Pathein High School. He died in 1945 at the age of 52.
 

Chronology of Konbaung Period

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The 11 Kings of the Konbaung Period
 

Sayar San

Photo Credit - www.rfa.org
 
Sayar San's (1930-1932) real name was U Ya Gyaw. He was born in Thayet Kan, Shwebo District, Mandalay Division. Once he became the leader of anti-British rebellion of 1930-32 in Myanmar, he was known as Saya San. Saya San was a native of Shwebo,
 

The legends of Boats

Nawara Boat is also called Nawa Rupa Boat. Nawa means nine and Rupa means beauty.
 

King Sinbyushin

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Sinbyushin (A.D 1763-76) was the third king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung dynasty in Myanmar. He pursued a policy of expansion at the expense of practically all his neighbours.SinphyushinminSinbyushin's most important single project was the subjugation of Siam (now Thailand).
 

Nandawshay Sayar Tin

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Nandashay Sayar Tin was the most famous Musician and Composer of Myanmar Music history. He was the composer of Myanmar National Anthem. Sayar Tin was born in 1892 at Mandalay.
 

King Tharyarwaddy

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King Tharyarwaddy (A.D. 1837-1846) was the eighth king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty of Myanmar, who repudiated the Treaty of Yandabo and nearly brought about a war with the British. Tharyarwaddy in 1837 deposed his brother Bagyidaw (reigned 1819-37), who had been obliged to sign the humiliating treaty that ceded the provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim to the British.
 

The Royal Ruby (Padamyar Ngamauk)

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This article was written in 1985, one hundred years after King Thibaw and Queen Supayar Latt were taken to India by the British.
 

King Bodawpaya

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 King Bodawpaya (1782-1819) was one of the greatest king of Myanmar, sixth monarch of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, in whose reign (1782-1819) the long conflict began with the British.
 

Kawleikgyin Ne Win

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Kawleikgyin Ne Win (Burmese: ကောလိပ်ဂျင်နေဝင်း, 1 October 1928 – 2 June 1983) was a two-time Burmese Academy Award winning Burmese film actor and director. Conceived Ne Win, he was given his well known moniker after his fruitful presentation film, Kawleikgyin (The Collegian), so as not to be mistaken for the late Burmese strongman of a similar name, Gen. Ne Win.
 

King Alaungpaya

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Alaungpaya (1752-1760) was also known as U Aung Zeya, and also meaning "The Victorious" in Myanmar. He was born in Shwebo in upper Myanmar. He was the one who unified Myanmar and founded the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, which held power until the British annexed Upper (northern) Myanmar on Jan. 1, 1886. He also conquered the independent Mon kingdom of Bago (in the Ayeyarwaddy River delta).
 

Kinwun Mingyi U Kaung

U Kaung at age 50
Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
 

King Binnya Dala

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King Binnya Dala (1747-57) was the last king of Bago in southern Myanmar, whose independence from the northern Myanmars was revived briefly between 1740 and 1757. In 1747 Binnya Dala succeeded Smim Htaw Buddhaketi, who had seven years earlier been set up as king of the Mon in the new capital of Bago after their successful revolt against the Myanmars.
 

Myat Paya Lat

Myat Paya Lat
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King Nanda

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King Nanda was the king of the Taungoo dynasty of Myanmar whose reign (1581-99) ended with the dismemberment of the empire established by his father, Bayinnaung. Upon coming to the throne, Nanda Bayin was faced with a rebellion of his uncle, the viceroy of Inwa, whom he defeated three years later. In December 1584 Nanda Bayin marched into Siam, which had been a vassal of his father, to subjugate the Siamese patriot Naresuan.