Myanmar History


Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.


After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527. Surviors of the destruction of Inwa eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar. A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Rangoon, now known as Yangon. Myanmar was known to the West ever since western explorers had heard of it. Marko Polo was the earliest known westerner who discovered Myanmar and introduced to the West.

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Kinwun Mingyi U Kaung

U Kaung at age 50
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Mahasi Sayadaw

The Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw
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Thakin Kodaw Hmaing

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Thakin Kodaw Hmaing (Burmese: သခင်ကိုယ်တော်မှိုင်း, 23 March 1876 – 23 July 1964) is viewed as one of the best Burmese artists, essayists and political pioneers in the twentieth century history of Burma. He is viewed as the Father of Burmese patriot and peace developments and also an artistic virtuoso.

Mingun Sayadaw

statue of Mingun Sayadaw
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Queen Supayalat

Queen Supayalat next to King Thibaw Min and her sister Princess Supayagyi

Ledi Sayadaw

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Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja (Burmese: လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ, 1 December 1846 – 27 June 1923) was a compelling Theravada Buddhist friar. He was perceived from a youthful age as being produced in both the hypothesis (Abhidharma) and routine of Buddhism as was respected as being academic. He composed many books on Dhamma in Burmese and these were open even to a genuine layman, thus he was in charge of spreading Dhamma to all levels of society and restoring the conventional routine of vipassana contemplation, making it more accessible for renunciates and laypeople alike.

Crown Prince Kanaung

Crown Prince Ka Naung was a son of King Tharrawaddy Min and Chief Queen Min Myat Shwe, a grand daughter of Hsinbyushin. Prince Ka Naung was the younger brother of King Mindon, one of the most well-known kings in the history of Myanmar. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War, they overthrew their half brother Pagan Min (1848-1853) which put Mindon on the throne. Kanaung became the Heir Apparent in 1853.

Mogok Sayadaw U Vimala

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U Vimala (Burmese: မိုးကုတ်ဆရာတော် ဦးဝိမလ, normally known as the Mogok Sayadaw; 27 December 1899 - 17 October 1962) was a famous bhikkhu and vipassanā contemplation ace of Theravada Buddhism.

Dr. M Shaw Loo

The First Myanmar Medical Doctor graduated in USA. Dr. M Shaw Loo has to be the first medical doctor from Myanmar. He was the son of U Shwe Thet and Daw Phwar. They descendants of Mon race and were Christians. It was the time when the First British-Myanmar war was going on, in 1824. Young Shaw Loo lived in Mawlamyine, Mon State with his parents.  

Taunggwin Sayadaw

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The Taunggwin Sayadaw U Visuddha Silacaraha (တောင်ခွင်ဆရာတော် ဦးဝိသုဒ္ဓ သီလာစာရဟာ) was the last Buddhist friar to hold the workplace as Thathanabaing of Burma. The workplace was annulled after his demise in 1938 and no successor was ever named.

U Thant, United Nations' Secretary General

U Thant , who filled in as Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971, was going the world body when Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was murdered in an air crash in September 1961.

Min Thu Wun

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Min Thu Wun (Burmese: မင်းသုဝဏ်; 10 February 1909 – 15 August 2004) was a Burmese artist, essayist and researcher who propelled another age abstract development called Khit-San (Testing the Times) in Burma. He is the father of Htin Kyaw, leader of Myanmar since 2016.

King Wareru

King Wareru (1287-1296) was famous king of Hanthawaddy (Hansavadi, or Bago), who ruled over the Mon people of Lower Myanmar. He was also called Magado or Chao Fa Rua. King Wareru was a Thai adventurer of humble origins who had married a daughter of King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai and had established himself as overlord of Martaban on the Salween River in 1281.


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Zawgyi (Burmese: ဇော်ဂျီ, conceived Thein Han (သိန်းဟန်, 12 April 1907 - 26 September 1990) was a recognized and driving Burmese artist, creator, abstract history specialist, commentator, researcher and scholastic. He was one of the pioneers of the Hkit san (Testing the Times) development in Burmese writing hunting down another style and substance before the Second World War, alongside Theippan Maung Wa, Nwe Soe and Min Thu Wun. His first hkit san poetry,Padauk container (Padauk blossom), was distributed in Hantha Kyemon handout.

King Narameikhla

King Narameikhla (1404-1434) was the founder and first king of the Myohaung (old city) dynasty in Rakhine, the maritime country lying to the west of Lower Myanmar on the Bay of Bengal, which had been settled by the Myanmar in the 10th century. He was also called Meng Soamwun. 

Theippan Maung Wa

Theippan Maung Wa
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Theippan Maung Wa (Burmese: သိပ္ပံမောင်ဝ 5 June 1899 – 6 June 1942) was a Burmese author, and one of the pioneers of the Hkit San scholarly development. The development scanned for another style and substance in Burmese writing before the Second World War beginning with Hkit san ponbyin (Experimental Tales, 1934, 1938).

King Tabinshwehti

King Tabinshwehti (1531-1550) was the king who unified Myanmar and reigned from 1531 until 50. He was the second monarch of the Taungoo dynasty, which his father, Minkyinyo, had founded in 1486. In 1535 Tabinshwehti began a military campaign against the kingdom of Bago in southern Myanmar, capturing the city of Pathein in the Ayeyarwaddy delta.

Ludu U Hla

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Ludu U Hla (Burmese: လူထုဦးလှ; 19 January 1910 – 7 August 1982) was a Burmese writer, distributer, recorder, folklorist and social reformer whose productive compositions incorporate an extensive number of way breaking true to life works. He was hitched to kindred essayist and columnist Ludu Daw Amar.

King Sinbyushin

King Sinbyushin (A.D 1763-76) was the third king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung dynasty in Myanmar. He pursued a policy of expansion at the expense of practically all his neighbours.SinphyushinminSinbyushin's most important single project was the subjugation of Siam (now Thailand).

Ludu Daw Amar

Portrait of Ludu Daw Amar in her youth
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King Tharyarwaddy

King Tharyarwaddy (A.D. 1837-1846) was the eighth king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty of Myanmar, who repudiated the Treaty of Yandabo and nearly brought about a war with the British. Tharyarwaddy in 1837 deposed his brother Bagyidaw (reigned 1819-37), who had been obliged to sign the humiliating treaty that ceded the provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim to the British.