Myanmar History

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Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.

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After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527. Surviors of the destruction of Inwa eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar. A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Rangoon, now known as Yangon. Myanmar was known to the West ever since western explorers had heard of it. Marko Polo was the earliest known westerner who discovered Myanmar and introduced to the West.

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Kawleikgyin Ne Win

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
Kawleikgyin Ne Win (Burmese: ကောလိပ်ဂျင်နေဝင်း, 1 October 1928 – 2 June 1983) was a two-time Burmese Academy Award winning Burmese film actor and director. Conceived Ne Win, he was given his well known moniker after his fruitful presentation film, Kawleikgyin (The Collegian), so as not to be mistaken for the late Burmese strongman of a similar name, Gen. Ne Win.
 

Kinwun Mingyi U Kaung

U Kaung at age 50
Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
 

King Alaungpaya

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Alaungpaya (1752-1760) was also known as U Aung Zeya, and also meaning "The Victorious" in Myanmar. He was born in Shwebo in upper Myanmar. He was the one who unified Myanmar and founded the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, which held power until the British annexed Upper (northern) Myanmar on Jan. 1, 1886. He also conquered the independent Mon kingdom of Bago (in the Ayeyarwaddy River delta).
 

Myat Paya Lat

Myat Paya Lat
Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
 

King Binnya Dala

Photo Credit - www.zayplay.com
 
King Binnya Dala (1747-57) was the last king of Bago in southern Myanmar, whose independence from the northern Myanmars was revived briefly between 1740 and 1757. In 1747 Binnya Dala succeeded Smim Htaw Buddhaketi, who had seven years earlier been set up as king of the Mon in the new capital of Bago after their successful revolt against the Myanmars.
 

Historical Events of Myanmar

 
Photo Credit - www.panglong.org
 
The Hope Diamond
 

Nandawshay Sayar Tin

Photo Credit - www.moemaka.com
 
Nandashay Sayar Tin was the most famous Musician and Composer of Myanmar Music history. He was the composer of Myanmar National Anthem. Sayar Tin was born in 1892 at Mandalay. He was the son of U Yan Aung and Daw Thein. His father, U Yan Aung was a man in the service of the Last King of the Konbaung Monarch, King Thibaw. He was the only son with an elder sister and a younger one. Sayar Tin started to work as a school teacher after passing the tenth standard, in a private school.
 

History of Myanmar

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC.
 

King Nanda

Photo Credit - www.asiaobserver.org
 
King Nanda was the king of the Taungoo dynasty of Myanmar whose reign (1581-99) ended with the dismemberment of the empire established by his father, Bayinnaung. Upon coming to the throne, Nanda Bayin was faced with a rebellion of his uncle, the viceroy of Inwa, whom he defeated three years later. In December 1584 Nanda Bayin marched into Siam, which had been a vassal of his father, to subjugate the Siamese patriot Naresuan.
 

The Royal Ruby (Padamyar Ngamauk)

Photo Credit - www.asnthanhan.com
 
This article was written in 1985, one hundred years after King Thibaw and Queen Supayar Latt were taken to India by the British. Myanmar was well-known for its wealth in gold, gems and other natural resources. So in the king's treasury there were plenty of jewels, gold, silver, gems and many more. Among these precious treasures, Padamyar Ngamauk or the Royal Ruby was the most famous treasure. Most of the gem merchants and the British colonists were always eager to see the ruby and its beauty. There was no such ruby like the Ngamauk, as spotless as the one in history. So, let's see what really happened to the Royal Ruby.
 

King Tabinshwehti

Photo Credit - www.myanmar-image.com
 
King Tabinshwehti (1531-1550) was the king who unified Myanmar and reigned from 1531 until 50. He was the second monarch of the Taungoo dynasty, which his father, Minkyinyo, had founded in 1486. In 1535 Tabinshwehti began a military campaign against the kingdom of Bago in southern Myanmar, capturing the city of Pathein in the Ayeyarwaddy delta.
 

U Shwe Yoe @ U Ba Ga Lay

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
U Shwe Yoe's original name was U Ba Ga Lay. He was a pioneer famous Cartoonist, Actor, Comedian and Dancer. U Ba Ga Lay invented Myanmar's most famous Dance and Character known as U Shwe Yoe. He was born in 1893, Pathein, the delta region of Myanmar. His parents were U Pho Thi and Daw Thae Mhone, both were teachers of Pathein High School. He died in 1945 at the age of 52.
 

King Bayinnaung

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Bayinnaung (1551-1581) was also known as Braginoco or Barinnaung. He was the king of the Taungoo dynasty and reigned from 1551 to 81 in Myanmar. He unified his country and conquered the Shan States and Siam (now Thailand), making Myanmar the most powerful kingdom in mainland Southeast Asia. In 1550 a revolt broke out among the Mons of southern Myanmar, and Bayinnaung's brother-in-law, Tabinshwehti, was assassinated at Bago in 1551 by a Mon prince.
 

Sayar San

Photo Credit - www.rfa.org
 
Sayar San's (1930-1932) real name was U Ya Gyaw. He was born in Thayet Kan, Shwebo District, Mandalay Division. Once he became the leader of anti-British rebellion of 1930-32 in Myanmar, he was known as Saya San. Saya San was a native of Shwebo,
 

King Wareru

Photo Credit - www.goldentriangel.de
 
King Wareru (1287-1296) was famous king of Hanthawaddy (Hansavadi, or Bago), who ruled over the Mon people of Lower Myanmar. He was also called Magado or Chao Fa Rua. King Wareru was a Thai adventurer of humble origins who had married a daughter of King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai and had established himself as overlord of Martaban on the Salween River in 1281.
 

King Sinbyushin

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Sinbyushin (A.D 1763-76) was the third king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung dynasty in Myanmar. He pursued a policy of expansion at the expense of practically all his neighbours.SinphyushinminSinbyushin's most important single project was the subjugation of Siam (now Thailand).
 

King Anawrahta

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Anawrahta (A.D. 1044-1077), also spelled ANIRUDDHA, the first king of all of Myanmar, (reigned 1044-77), who introduced his people to Theravada Buddhism. His capital at Bagan on the Ayeyarwaddy River became a prominent city of pagodas and temples. During his reign Anawrahta united the northern homeland of the Myanmar people with the Mon kingdoms of the south.
 

King Tharyarwaddy

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
King Tharyarwaddy (A.D. 1837-1846) was the eighth king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty of Myanmar, who repudiated the Treaty of Yandabo and nearly brought about a war with the British. Tharyarwaddy in 1837 deposed his brother Bagyidaw (reigned 1819-37), who had been obliged to sign the humiliating treaty that ceded the provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim to the British.
 

Chief Minister Kinwun Mingyi & Delegation to Britain

1871: the first Burmese embassy to the UK arrives in the hope of a peace treaty with Queen Victoria. Seated L-R: Royal Secretary Naymyo Mindin Thurayn Maung Cheint; the Pangyet Wundauk Maha Minkyaw Raza Maung Shwe O, Chief Minister the Kinwun Mingyi (leading the embassy); the Pandee Wundauk Maha Minhla Kyawhtin Maung Shwe Pin (educated in Calcutta). Standing in back: Major A.R. McMahon, British Agent at Mandalay (I think) and Edmund Jones, Burmese Consul at Rangoon (both fluent in Burmese).
 

King Bodawpaya

Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org
 
 King Bodawpaya (1782-1819) was one of the greatest king of Myanmar, sixth monarch of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, in whose reign (1782-1819) the long conflict began with the British.
 

Nanmadaw Me Nu

The Queen's Brick Monastery
Photo Credit - www.wikipedia.org