Myanmar Arts


Myanmar is a country full of ancient traditions and culture. From time to time, the Myanmars have adapted different cultures and arts. To describe about the Arts of Myanmar, there are 10 Myanmar traditional arts which are metaphorically called "Ten Flowers".


Theses arts have been passed on from one century to another until today. The 10 arts are as follows:

  • Panbe (the art of blacksmith)
  • Panbu (the art of sculpture)
  • Pantain (the art of gold and silver smith)
  • Pantin(the art of bronze casting)
  • Pantaut (the art of making floral designs using masonry)
  • Panyan (the art of bricklaying and masonry)
  • Pantamault (the art of sculpting with stone)
  • Panpoot (the art of turning designs on the lathe)
  • Panchi (the art of painting)
  • Panyun (the art of making lacquer ware)


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Bark Painting

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Bark Painting has been a new generation of wood designing. The manufacturers of Bark Paintings usually use the bark from large trees and old trees. The barks of the tree are taken off and dried in the sun. After drying, the bark paintings are done in Myanmar Traditional way.

Maha Gita

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The complete body of Myanmar classical songs is usually referred to as, the "Maha Gita," meaning great or royal song. The repertoire is also sometimes referred to as "Thachin Gyi," or great songs. These were the songs of the royal Myanmar courts and form the basis of Myanmar classical music. The Maha Gita repertoire is pervasive in the performance of Myanmar music.

Naban (Burmese wrestling)

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Naban is a term for the various grappling martial arts of Myanmar. Techniques include joint locks, strikes to pressure points, and choke holds. Any part of the opponent's body is a legal target. Naban is a cousin of similar wrestling arts found in places like Cambodia and Tibet.

Mystic Ball

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Mystic Ball is a documentary about the traditional Chinlone sport of Myanmar. The film is a thrilling sports movie, an insightful journey to a new world, and a lyrical personal story.

Lapidary (the skill in cutting gems)

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Methods used by gem cutters have hardly changed in hundreds of years, but in Myanmar, the development of the gem industry means there are now more companies exporting expertly cut gems out of the country. The lapidary (someone who is skilled in cutting and polishing jewel and valuable stones)

The 18 Noble Arts

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For thousands of years, all noblemen of Myanmar royal families are required to learn all 18 Essential Arts of Myanmar Noble Men.
It was known as "Ahtar Ratha 18 subjects" of arts. They are considered as compulsory.
These 18 subjects are:

Panpoot( the art of turning designs on the lathe )

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Panpoot is an enterprise to make wooden utensils turning on turners lathe. Such as making shaft of umbrella, table legs, and legs of bed and turnery posts for Pavilions and railings. Myanmar’s traditional crafts of a turner emerged in the Bagan period in the 8th century A.D. The craft of a turner is an art which is made by rubbing the woods on the turner’s lathe. Craft of a turner artists based on the traditional styles of Bagan,

Traditional Myanmar Music

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Myanmar traditional music are based from the sounds made from instruments grouped in the following five categories.
1) Kyee
Kyee or Bronze made instruments such as gongs.

Mosaic (Decorations of the gems)

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Myanmar mosaic art was off to a good start by the time of the Bagan period, as scholars and researchers, now testify. Historians also agree. This noble art is seen mainly on royal and religious items and buildings. But sometimes mosaic is also used in artifacts and household objects of the common lay people to achieve a new sense of beauty and splendor. In this art there are four main disciplines on which the workmanship is based.

Wall Painting

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There is a saying “art improves with age”. Art is drawn on paper, canvas and on walls. Painting drawn on walls in caves are called “Wall Paintings”.

Bando (Animal system or free hands system)

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Bando or animal system is the ancient art of self-defense from Myanmar. The earliest meanings of Bando were "self-discipline, self-development, and self-improvement". Later, it came to mean, "Self-protection, or self-defense".

Pongyi Thaing

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Pongyi Thaing or Bando Monk System is based on ancient Hindu and Buddhist principles of non-violence. It's a disciplined way of life. It is not a religion, a doctrine or a dogma. It is an integrated system of developing the body, mind and spirit to achieve harmony with oneself, with others, with nature.

Banshay (Arts of the sword, staff and spear)

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Banshay is a term for martial arts of Myanmar, focusing on weapon use. The sword, staff and spear are the major weapons. With the sword, the goal is to disarm the opponent. Sword fights are even conducted with the sword still sheathed, since only under extreme conditions will a Myanmar swordsman unsheathes his or her sword.

Myanmar Traditional Arts

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Panbe (the art of blacksmith)

Zinmei Longyi Designs (for Women)

Zinmei longyi (ဇင်းမယ် လုံချည်) originated in Zinmei (Chiangmai, Thailand). Sharp edgy shapes are their unique designs in women wear.

Silk Weaving(100 Shuttle Traditional Weaving Industry)

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Myanmar proudly wear hand-woven silk materials at auspicious occasions. Myanmar turban, Myanmar jacket and silk longyi are worn by Myanmar men while intricate acheik designs woven with over 100 silk threads such as plain silk blouses and silk shawls are proudly worn by Myanmar ladies. Although the colours and patterns of silk-woven materials have changed since the time of Myanmar kings, they are still proudly worn by Myanmars.

Myanmar Silk Longyi Designs (for Women)

One textile design the Myanmar have lived for two hundred years is the lun yakyaw acheik (over-hundred-shuttle acheik) design. It is suitable for men and women. Both the weft and the warp are pure silk threads and from over a hundred to two hundred shuttles are used according to the design to be worked on. The weaving takes days and the fabric is thus expensive. Only the well-to-do can afford it. But in the villages cotton is used and the design modified to produce cheaper versions.

Gold Foil Making

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In Myanmar, gold-leaves are widely sold at the famous pagodas to gild the Buddha image or stupa with gold-leaf. This is the Myanmar tradition for meritorious deeds. These gold-leaves are originally make in Mandalay. Mandalay's gold-leaf makers are concentrated in the south-east of the city, near the intersection of 36th and 78th Sts.

Traditional Longyi Designs (for Women)



Bando yoga

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Naban (Burmese wrestling)
Bando yoga

Dawei Longyi Designs (for Men)

(to be updated soon)