Sri Ksetra

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sri ksetra

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info Sri Ksetra or Thaye Khittaya (သရေခေတ္တရာ "Field of Fortune" or "Field of Glory"), found 8 km southeast of Prome (Pyay) at present-day Hmawza village, was the last and southernmost Pyu capital.The city was established between the fifth and seventh centuries,62–63,77 and likely surpassed Halin as the chief Pyu city by the seventh or eighth century, and held that status until the Mranma landed in the ninth century.

The city was home to no less than two administrations, and perhaps three. The main line, called the Vikrama Dynasty, is accepted to have propelled the Pyu logbook, which later turned into the Burmese schedule, on 22 March 638. The second tradition was established by King Duttabaung on 25 March 739 (eleventh waxing of Tagu 101 ME).

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   Sri Ksetra is the biggest Pyu site found hitherto. (Just Beikthano and Sri Ksetra have been widely uncovered. Other imperative Pyu urban areas as Maingmaw and Binnaka could yield more ancient rarities with more broad unearthings.) It possessed a bigger range than that of the eleventh century Pagan or nineteenth century Mandalay. Roundabout in outline, Sri Ksetra was more than 13 km in circuit and three to four km over, or around 1400 hectares of involved range. The city's block dividers were 4.5 meters high, and had 12 doors with gigantic devas (gods) guarding the passageways and a pagoda at each of the four corners.

It likewise has bending entryways, for example, those found at Halin and Beikthano. In the focal point of the city was what most researchers think spoke to the rectangular royal residence site, 518 meters by 343 meters, symbolizing both a mandala and a zata (horoscope), like in Maingmaw. Only the southern portion of the city was taken up by the castle, religious communities and houses; the whole northern half comprised of rice fields. Together with the channels and dividers, this plan guaranteed that the city could withstand a long attack by enemies.

Sri Ksetra was a critical entrepôt amongst China and India. It was situated on the Irrawaddy, not a long way from the ocean as the Irrawaddy delta had not yet been shaped. Ships from the Indian Ocean could come up to Prome to exchange with the Pyu domain and China. Trade with India brought profound social contacts. Sri Ksetra has yielded the most broad stays of Theravada Buddhism. Religious craftsmanship recommends a few particular occupations with prior impacts coming from Southeast India and later impacts from Southwest India while ninth century impacts incorporate those from the Nanzhao Kingdom. Much of the Chinese record of the Pyu states was through Sri Ksetra. Chinese pioneers Xuanzang in 648 and Yijing in 675 said Sri Ksetra in their records of Buddhist kingdoms of Southeast Asia. The Tang histories specify the landing in the court of a government office from the Pyu capital in 801.



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place Pyay, Bago

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