Thakin Kodaw Hmaing

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Thakin Kodaw Hmaing (Burmese: သခင်ကိုယ်တော်မှိုင်း, 23 March 1876 – 23 July 1964) is viewed as one of the best Burmese artists, essayists and political pioneers in the twentieth century history of Burma. He is viewed as the Father of Burmese patriot and peace developments and also an artistic virtuoso.

His legacy and impact on the post-war eras can even now be felt in both writing and the progressing political circumstance in Myanmar (Burma).

Hmaing was conceived Maung Lun Maung in Wale town close Shwedaung in Lower Burma. He was sent at an early age to be taught in the customary way in Mandalay, and at 9 years old he saw the fall of the Konbaung tradition and the kidnapping of King Thibaw and Queen Supayalat by the British, being taken away in a carriage, close to the ruler's own particular Myadaung Monastery where he was a guest. It was a scene that he could always remember and one that started his patriot intensity in a long lasting battle for autonomy.

In 1894 Hmaing moved to Rangoon (now Yangon) to begin his vocation as a writer, and changed to news coverage later on composing articles for a daily paper in Moulmein (now Mawlamyaing). In 1903 he wedded Ma Shin whom he had met in Rangoon before moving to Moulmein, and came back to the capital as the patriot development was picking up force in 1911 to work for the Thuriya (Sun) daily paper. Composing under his own particular name Maung Lun or Saya Lun, he had as of now contacted a wide gathering of people at this point through conventional stage plays written in verse and in view of authentic Burmese myth and legend. He contributed frequently to the paper and different distributions, for example, the Dagon magazine where he later turned into a proofreader.

His authority of traditional Burmese writing empowered him to compose widely in verse without breaking a sweat and energy that future eras of scholars still discover hard to coordinate. A virtuoso in different and complex rhyme, here is one of his couplets that has frequently been cited: Kaung myo ahtweidwei yenè chunzei myazei saw, daung owei yelo tunzei kazei defrost (ကောင်းမျိုးအထွေထွေ ရယ်နဲ့ ချွန်စေမြစေစော ဒေါင်းအိုးဝေရယ်လို့ တွန်စေကစေသော) - "May a bunch decent things with life have a shot; may the peacock have its call and move". The moving peacock (ကဒေါင်း, ka daung) was the insignia of Burmese power included on flags, coins and cash notes, though the battling peacock (ခွပ်ဒေါင်း, hkut daung) is the image of Burmese understudy unions. Owei is the call of the peacock and was likewise the title of the Rangoon University Students Union (RUSU) magazine.

Hmaing likewise wrote in blended verse and exposition style splendidly displaying parodies as scholarly religious discourses, called htikas (ဋီကာ) in Pali, for example, Hkway htika (On Dogs) in which he blasted government officials for squandering their time and exertion in pointless quarreling when they ought to focus on the battle against provincial run the show.

  1. Kja htika- On Lotus 1912
  2. Bo htika - On Chiefs 1914
  3. Daung htika - On Peacocks 1920
  4. Sone nadha myaing htika- On Full of Fragrance Forest Quest Poem 1921
  5. Myauk htika - On Monkeys 1923
  6. Hkway htika - On Dogs 1925
  7. Mjin htika - On Horse 1925
  8. Swaraj htika- On Swaraj 1925
  9. Hse gadei kyaw htika- On Over Hundred Million 1926
  10. Boingkauk htika - On Boycott 1927
  11. Galonbyan dipani htika - On the Flying Garuda 1931
  12. Thakin htika - On Thakins 1938
  13. Nagani htia- On Red Dragon 1940


A novel titled Missata Maung Hmaing hmadawbon wuttu (the Epistles of Mr Maung Hmaing) composed under the alias Maung Hmaing in 1916 promptly brought on a furore which was likewise the expected impact. Maung Hmaing was the name of the primary character, a Casanova-like blackguard, in a well known novel at the time called Chinbaungywet the Maung Hmaing (The Roselle[further clarification needed] Vendor Maung Hmaing) by U Kyee (1848–1908), and Hmaing by taking his name and styling himself Mister in the meantime was taunting the insincerity among some elegant Anglophile Burmese who had begun placing Mr before their names. It stopped the pattern. Furthermore, the name stuck.

Hmaing joined the patriot Dobama Asiayone (We Burmans Association) in 1934 and rapidly rose to end up plainly the pioneer of youthful Thakins - a title that broadcasted they were the genuine bosses of their own territory, not the British who had usurped the title. He in this manner came to be known as Thakin Kodaw Hmaing (Master Lord Hmaing), and later Sayagyi (extraordinary educator) Thakin Kodaw Hmaing.

He is additionally thought to be unequaled in another conventional type of verse called Laygyo gyi (လေးချိုးကြီး) which he resuscitated to awesome impact by giving it another substance of contemporary political issues. Hmaing roused an entire era of Burmese patriots in the battle for freedom, encouraging tremendous pride in their own particular history, dialect and culture, and all the more critically asking them to make coordinate move, for example, strikes by understudies and specialists, the subject of Boingkauk htika (On Boycott). He demonstrated no benevolence to the individuals who were unimportant political sharks either, as in Hkway htika (On Dogs). His suggestive and exceedingly significant style of verse made him extremely well known with the Burmese open and protected his work from frontier government restriction.

In the wake of the second college understudies strike in history of 1936 when the All Burma Students Union (ABSU) was shaped, Hmaing was chosen its supporter. By 1941 his notoriety for being a main patriot earned him a place on the pilgrim experts' 'Burma List', viewed as an 'adversary of the state'. It was Hmaing alongside different pioneers of the Dobama who sent Aung San and other young fellows - later known as the 'Thirty Comrades' - to look for military preparing abroad keeping in mind the end goal to battle the British.

After freedom in 1948 the nation quickly dove into a far reaching common war which made extraordinary distress Hmaing, and he spent whatever is left of his life attempting to convey interior peace to the land. He was a main light on the planet peace development in Burma, and in 1952 went to the Peace Conference for Asia Pacific Region in Peking. He was chosen Chairman of the World Peace Congress (Burma) that year, and won the Stalin Peace Prize in 1954. Hmaing likewise set out to People's Republic of China, Mongolia, Hungary and the Soviet Union in 1953, and went to Ceylon and India for the World Peace Conference in 1957. He was granted a privileged doctorate in 1960 by the University of Hamburg, West Germany.

Thakin Kodaw Hmaing gave his dynamic bolster together with the previous Brig.General Kyaw Zaw to the Internal Peace Committee amid the 1963 peace conference between the Union Revolutionary Council legislature of Ne Win and different furnished revolt bunches including the Communist Party of Burma, Red Flag Communists, and ethnic minorities. Hmaing's was the one voice that all gatherings over the political separation would tune in to with deference, and remained the main option political voice the military couldn't quiet, after they took control in 1962, until his passing at 88 years old in 1964 when all political gatherings aside from the decision Burma Socialist Program Party (BSPP) were nullified by pronouncement.

He committed his opportunity to peace and national compromise with less time for composing towards the finish of his life, expressing that his last wish was to see a quiet and joined nation. He was covered at Kandawmin Garden Mausolea close to the Shwedagon Pagoda, and on March 23, 1976, the centennial of Hmaing's introduction to the world (Hmaing yabyei), more than 100 understudies were captured for holding a tranquil service at his sepulcher.

Thakin Kodaw Hmaing was, in Anna Allott's words, "a man of numerous aptitudes - a genuine Buddhist and a staunch nationalist; artist and dramatist; history specialist and educator; pioneer author and comedian - Thakin Kodaw Hmaing is the absolute most venerated abstract figure in current Burma".

Thakin Kodaw Hmaing's mausoleum on Shwedagon Pagoda Road, Yangon

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