Bagan

History

Bagan, formerly spelled as Pagan, dates back almost to the beginning of the Christian Era. It lies on the bend of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Bagan can be marked to have started with King Anawrahta. He ascended the throne of Bagan in 1044. At that time, the kingdom was under the Mahayana religion. After Shin Arahan's arrival to Bagan, it converted to Theravada Buddhism. It was said to be that each and every household was able to donate an enshrined Pagoda, because of their faith in Buddhism believe and also because of their wealth. The great Shwezigon was one of King Anawrahta's donation during his time.

Myanmar Bagan

Getting Around

Horse carts are popular ways travelling around Bagan. Visitors can also hire bicycles at some hotels and guest houses to roam around. The charges are taken per hour service. Ferry boats can also be hired to flow in the Ayeyarwaddy. The ferry stand is near the Bu Pagoda. The views from the Ayeyarwaddy is also an interesting way to explore Bagan.

Bus and Express
There are Daily Expresses from Yangon and other major cities.

Car
One can hire a car from a car rental agency or from a travel agent. Different types of cars, coach seaters are available.

Train
Train

Air
There are daily flights from Air Bagan, Yangon Airways, Air Mandalay and Myanmar Airways to Nyaung U Airport, Bagan. The flight schedules may change from time to time depending on the weather. But this is the fastest way to explore Bagan.

General Information

Today, Bagan has many hotels and guest houses to stay in. Most popular ones are Bagan Thiripyitsaya Sakura, The [email protected] Gate, Kumudra Hotel and many more. One should also buy a map of Bagan, so that people can travel alone depending on their interests. Many souvenirs and antiques can be bought near the Bagan Pagodas. But it is also a bit difficult to differentiate between the genuine and fake. There are entrance fees to the Bagan Zone, Bagan Museum and some pagodas too.

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Popa

info Inland the country rises in gently undulating slopes. The most noticeable feature is Popa Hill, or the Mt. Popa, an extinct volcano, to the south-east. The highest peak is 1518 metres (4,981 feet) above sea-level. The volcano is known to be extinct since 250,000 years.
 

Getting Around in Bagan

info Horse carts are popular ways travelling around Bagan. Visitors can also hire bicycles at some hotels and guest houses to roam around. The charges are taken per hour service. Ferry boats can also be hired to flow in the Ayeyarwaddy. The ferry stand is near the Bu Pagoda. The views from the Ayeyarwaddy is also an interesting way to explore Bagan. 
 

Hnget Pyit Taung

info Hnget Pyit Taung meaning "The hill of the cut down bird". This place also refers to the legends of the king who killed the bird ogre is one of most significant historical monument.Several monasteries were grouped and the unit is called today, the brick monastery of Shin Arahan. It is thus on this ignored site, that the most beautiful page of the history of Bagan opened. It was also history of the introduction of Theravada Buddhism.
 

Htilominlo Pagoda

info This large temple was built by King Nantaungmya in 1218. Situated close to the road between Nyaung U and Bagan. The name is a misreading of the Pali word for 'Blessings of the Three Worlds'. Nantaungmya erected the temple on this spot because it was here that he was chosen, from among five brothers, to be the crown prince.
 

Dhammayangyi

Dhammayangyi Pagoda is the most massive-looking temples in Bagan. It was built in late 12th century by King Narathu (1167-1170).
 

Mingalazedi

info Mingalazedi ('Blessing Stupa') was built in 1277 by Narathihapati. It was the very last of the large Late period monuments to be built before the kingdom's decline, thus representing the final flowering of Bagan's architectural skills.
 

Ananda Pagoda

info Ananda Pagoda also known as Ananda Pahto, is estimated to be a monument of the early 12th Century. It is one of the finest, largest, best preserved and most revered of the Bagan Pagodas. This pagoda was donated and built by King Kyansitthar in the early Bagan Period. 
 

Gadawtpalin Pagoda

info This pagoda is take to be built between late 12th century to early 13th century. Also it was started by one king and ended by another. The first king to have started this construction was Narapatisithu and finished by King Nadaungmya (1211 to 1234). The name literally means 'Platform to which Homage is Paid'.
 

Bagan Museum

info The new Bagan Museum glorifies the golden age of Burman culture, those 250 years during which thousands of temples were built in and around the Myanmar capital of Bagan. The builders of Bagan apparently reserved brick for religious monuments for nothing remains of the other buildings, that must have been wooden, in this great capital.
 

Gubyaukgyi (Myinkaba)

info Gubyaukgyi is sometimes called "Myinkaba Gubyaukgyi" because of the resembling name of another pagoda in Wet-Kyi In. It is situated just to the left of the road on entering Myinkaba. this temple was built in 1113 by Kyansittha's son Rajakumar, on his father's death.
 

Seinnyet Nyima & Seinnyet Ama Paya

Seinnyet Nyima & Seinnyet Ama Paya
 

Myoe Daung Monastery

info The main monastery building with an east-west orientation, is approximately 130ft (40m) x 115ft (35m). Most of its significant elements are from the pre-colonial Kone Baung period; some of the rooms were rebuilt.
 

Salay

info Salay is about 120km from Bagan to the south. Kyauk Padaung and Chauk are the towns on the way to Salay from Bagan. It is a day-trip from Bagan. Salay is a popular place in Myanmar because it is the historic home of the famous Salay U Ponya, a Bagan Era writer/poet whose work are well-known all over the country.
 

Bu Paya (or) Bu Pagoda

info Bu Paya is said to be known to be constructed during the 9th Century, about 850 AD. It is situated on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is a cylindrical shaped Pyu-style pagoda and is said to be the oldest among many temples in Bagan. Bupaya was completely destroyed when it tumbled into the river in the 1975 earthquake,
 

Dhammayazika Pagoda

info Built in 1196 by Narapatisithu, the stupa rises from three five-sided terraces. Five small temples, each containing a Buddha image, encircle the terraces; some of them bear interior murals added during the Konbaung era. An outer wall also has five gateways. This circular pagoda is similar to the Shwezigon or the Mingalazedi, but has an unusual and rather complex design.
 

Shwesandaw Pagoda

 
info Shwesandaw Pagoda was built by King Anawrahta during the late 11th Century. This monument has five terraces with terracotta plaques showing the scenes from the jatakas. The zedi bell rises from two octagonal bases which top the five square terraces.
 

Manuha Pagoda

info Manuha was named after the Mon king from Thaton who was held captive in Bagan by Anawrahta. Legend says that Manuha was allowed to build this temple in 1059, and that he constructed it to represent his displeasure at captivity.
 

Lawkananda Pagoda

info Lawkananda Pagoda was built in 1059 by Anawrahta, who is also credited with the Petleik payas. It is still used as an everyday place of worship and is thought to house an important Buddha-tooth replica.The riverside and sunset views from Lawkananda are very good.
 

Shwezigon Pagoda

info Shwezigon is situated between the village of Wetkyi-in and Nyaung U. It was first built by King Anaweahta then completed by Kyansittha (1084-1113). Shwezigon enshrines one of the four replicas of the Buddha tooth from Sri Lanka.
 

Thatbyinnyu Pagoda

info Thatbyinnyu Pagoda is remarked to be constructed during the mid 12th century and built by King Alaung Sithu. It rises up to 61 metres.Its monumental size and verticality make it a classic example of Bagan's Middle period. Indentations for 539 jataka plaques encircle the terraces.