Mount Hponkan Razi

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A Trip to Mount Hponkan Razi, this topic is based on an Expedition to Hponkan Razi Region in the past years.Hponkan Razi Mountain is situated in Putao District, northernmost part of Myanmar.

You can take an expedition with a group. An expedition to Hponkan Razi region starts from Yangon. One has to take a flight from Yangon to Putao. On arrival at Putao, the team members took preparatory measures for the trip which takes about 1 or 2 days. The next morning, the team left Putao for Upper Shangaung Village by car. The Expedition team comprises staff of the Nature and Wildlife Division of the Ministry of Forestry. Some of the members are also from the Ministry of Health, studying diseases of the region.

On the way, the team passed through Mame' Sheedi Village. Then the team continued to travel to Upper Shangaung Village. The Village is located at foot of a mountain and milling of rice by hydroelectric power can be seen there. The team has to make a night stop there. In the morning, they walked to Partit Camp situated at 3,000 ft above sea level, 7 miles far from the upper Shangaung Village.

On the way to the camp, the excursion team members studied orchids and other flowers and trees. They then go to Rattan camp after travelling for one hour.The team members left the camp and began to the climb up the mountain at 10:30 a.m. The journey was delayed as the ridges were wet. The forest became thicker and there were evergreen hard wood forests. Soon after, they reached the summit of Partip Mountain where they stopped over for the night and discussed preparations for the journey to continue. The expedition team members studied ice-covered ridges and other ridges nearby. They arrived Awadam village after travelling for 8 hours during which they passed Wasardam village. The excursion team stopped over for the night at the village.

On the next morning, the expedition team members left Awadam village for Lonadam village about a mile away from Awadam. On their journey, they passed over a 400 ft long rattan suspension bridge and then observed a pleasant forest and later they arrived in Lonadam village and stopped over for the night. During their stay at the village, the team members visited the home of the villagers.The next morning, they continued their journey to Ziadan village. Ziadan village is in the north-western most part of Myanmar which is nearest to the Hponkan Razi mountain, 3,300 ft above the sea level. There are about 18 households in the village. Most of the villagers are Rawan, Lisu and Lisu-Rawan national races. Their livelihood is cultivation and hunting.

The team left Ziadan for Wangmung camp-1, five miles from Ziandan. It is the beginning of the journey in the forest and after traveling two miles, they went down to the Wangmung stream. The team members have to walk carefully on slippery rocks along the stream. We will present the team’s journey to Wangmung camp-1 in the next programme. The biological expedition team in Hponkan Razi environ proceeded to WangMung Camp-1 about 5 miles from Ziadan village. The team’s journey commenced in the forest and then went up the WangMung stream and later continued to the snow-capped mountains. The exploration team’s journey is risky as the team members had to travel carefully on mossy rocks.

The team could not make a good progress on the journey as they had to make way for new route on the steep banks of Wangmung stream. The team members studied flocks of birds flying over their heads and they also observed a local villager netting fish at a place in Wangmung stream.

As the team members arrived at Wangung Camp-1, it was already about 1 p.m. The Wangmung Camp locates at a 3,700 ft high mountain ridge where they observed and collected different species of orchids. They discussed plans for the next journey and stopped over the night at the camp.

On the next day, the study team left Wangmaung Camp-1 for WangMaung Camp-2. On their way the team members often crossed over the streams and the creeks by makeshift log bridges made for emergency use. They continued their journey on rocks and stones and passed large patches of reeds.

The expedition team arrived Wangmaung Camp-2 at 1 p.m. The Camp locates at a 4,780 ft high place where vegetation changed a little. The team members stopped for the night at the camp.

The expedition team members climbed onto the 7,100 feet high mountain ranges. Along the way they gathered orchids growing on trees and branches. They also observed carcass of a small animal at a place where the forest became dense and the slope became deep. Moreover, the team members collected species of red Eugenia Vattang and other ten more species of trees.

The weather became cold when they closely saw the ice-capped mountain. The team members then descended to Wangmung Camp-2 for the night. We will continue to present the expedition team’s another journey in the next programme.

The biological expedition team to the environ of Hponkan Razi region left Wangmung Camp-2 on the 31st January 2002. The team members proceeded to the up stream of Wangmung in a cold weather. They observed bamboos and trees thickly growing along their way. They arrived at Wangmung Camp-3 at 1 p.m. and stopped over for the night.

On the following day, they left the camp for their last camp of Wangmung Camp-4. They went up the stream of Wangmung by walking on rocks and steep cliffs with difficulty as they slowly approached the ice-capped mountains.

The team members took a brief stopover on the way and then proceeded the journey where they could see the snow-capped mountain clearly. The expedition team was moving on a height of 5,000 ft. The team members tracked around the 400 ft high bank of a waterfall on the way where the situation of the forest type significantly changed.

On arrival at Wangmung Camp-4, they prepared for pitching a camp there. The encampment locates at a height of 7,350 ft where only pines and rhododendron are growing.

After a stopover for the night at the camp, they climbed onto the snow capped mountains. Due to severe cold, all of the trees have shed their leaves and there were only dry branches on the trees. The ground was covered with ice and no more orchids could be seen growing on the trees.

During the expedition team’s encampment at Wangmung Camp-4, they put on record the findings on birds, mammals, orchids and forests. The biological expedition team members descended from the camp-4 and turned back.

They set out their expedition with objectives to study the natural forests and possibilities for long-term conservation of them in the important catchment area of the Maykha and Maylikha River, the origin of the Ayeyawady River, to observe mammals, orchids, birds, the tradition of the national races and the socio-economy of the region, to provide assistance to the eco-tourism of the significant region and to help drawing a management plan of Hponkan Razi sanctuary based on their findings. The expedition team returned to Ziadan village leaving Wangmung Camp-4 and other camps behind.

On their arrival at Ziadan village the next day, they held a dinner for those who assisted them on their expedition. There was also a joyful entertainment with a variety of dances performed by Rawan and Lisu national races.

 

 

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