King Wareru

King Wareru (1287-1296) was famous king of Hanthawaddy (Hansavadi, or Bago), who ruled over the Mon people of Lower Myanmar. He was also called Magado or Chao Fa Rua. King Wareru was a Thai adventurer of humble origins who had married a daughter of King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai and had established himself as overlord of Martaban on the Salween River in 1281.

Since the reign of King Anawrahta of Bagan (1044-77), the Mon had been under Myanmar rule; but after the Mongols sacked Pagan in 1287, Wareru and his ally, Tarabya, a Mon prince of Bago, drove the Myanmar out of the Ayeyarwaddy Delta and re-established the independence of the Mon. Subsequently, King Wareru killed Tarabya and made himself the sole ruler of the Mon, with his capital at Martaban. Although he was nominally a vassal of Ramkhamhaeng, he conducted independent diplomatic relations with the emperor Kublai Khan in China. A legendary achievement of his reign was the compilation of the Dharma-shastra, or Dhammathat, the earliest surviving law code of Myanmar. Wareru was murdered by his grandsons.

 

 

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