Myanmar History

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Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.

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After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527. Surviors of the destruction of Inwa eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar. A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Rangoon, now known as Yangon. Myanmar was known to the West ever since western explorers had heard of it. Marko Polo was the earliest known westerner who discovered Myanmar and introduced to the West.

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Crown Prince Kanaung

Crown Prince Ka Naung was a son of King Tharrawaddy Min and Chief Queen Min Myat Shwe, a grand daughter of Hsinbyushin. Prince Ka Naung was the younger brother of King Mindon, one of the most well-known kings in the history of Myanmar. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War, they overthrew their half brother Pagan Min (1848-1853) which put Mindon on the throne. Kanaung became the Heir Apparent in 1853.
 

Dr. M Shaw Loo

 
The First Myanmar Medical Doctor graduated in USA. Dr. M Shaw Loo has to be the first medical doctor from Myanmar. He was the son of U Shwe Thet and Daw Phwar. They descendants of Mon race and were Christians. It was the time when the First British-Myanmar war was going on, in 1824. Young Shaw Loo lived in Mawlamyine, Mon State with his parents.  
 

Nandawshay Sayar Tin

Nandashay Sayar Tin was the most famous Musician and Composer of Myanmar Music history. He was the composer of Myanmar National Anthem. Sayar Tin was born in 1892 at Mandalay. He was the son of U Yan Aung and Daw Thein. His father, U Yan Aung was a man in the service of the Last King of the Konbaung Monarch, King Thibaw. He was the only son with an elder sister and a younger one. Sayar Tin started to work as a school teacher after passing the tenth standard, in a private school.
 

U Thant, United Nations' Secretary General

U Thant , who filled in as Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971, was going the world body when Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold was murdered in an air crash in September 1961.
 

Famous People of Myanmar

King Anawrahta
    King Anawrahta, also spelled ANIRUDDHA, the first king of all of Myanmar, (reigned 1044-77), who introduced his people to Theravada Buddhism.
 

King Wareru

King Wareru (1287-1296) was famous king of Hanthawaddy (Hansavadi, or Bago), who ruled over the Mon people of Lower Myanmar. He was also called Magado or Chao Fa Rua. King Wareru was a Thai adventurer of humble origins who had married a daughter of King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai and had established himself as overlord of Martaban on the Salween River in 1281.
 

King Anawrahta

King Anawrahta (A.D. 1044-1077), also spelled ANIRUDDHA, the first king of all of Myanmar, (reigned 1044-77), who introduced his people to Theravada Buddhism. His capital at Bagan on the Ayeyarwaddy River became a prominent city of pagodas and temples. During his reign Anawrahta united the northern homeland of the Myanmar people with the Mon kingdoms of the south.
 

King Narameikhla

King Narameikhla (1404-1434) was the founder and first king of the Myohaung (old city) dynasty in Rakhine, the maritime country lying to the west of Lower Myanmar on the Bay of Bengal, which had been settled by the Myanmar in the 10th century. He was also called Meng Soamwun. 
 

King Bayinnaung

King Bayinnaung (1551-1581) was also known as Braginoco or Barinnaung. He was the king of the Taungoo dynasty and reigned from 1551 to 81 in Myanmar. He unified his country and conquered the Shan States and Siam (now Thailand), making Myanmar the most powerful kingdom in mainland Southeast Asia. In 1550 a revolt broke out among the Mons of southern Myanmar, and Bayinnaung's brother-in-law, Tabinshwehti, was assassinated at Bago in 1551 by a Mon prince.
 

King Tabinshwehti

King Tabinshwehti (1531-1550) was the king who unified Myanmar and reigned from 1531 until 50. He was the second monarch of the Taungoo dynasty, which his father, Minkyinyo, had founded in 1486. In 1535 Tabinshwehti began a military campaign against the kingdom of Bago in southern Myanmar, capturing the city of Pathein in the Ayeyarwaddy delta.
 

King Nanda

King Nanda was the king of the Taungoo dynasty of Myanmar whose reign (1581-99) ended with the dismemberment of the empire established by his father, Bayinnaung. Upon coming to the throne, Nanda Bayin was faced with a rebellion of his uncle, the viceroy of Inwa, whom he defeated three years later. In December 1584 Nanda Bayin marched into Siam, which had been a vassal of his father, to subjugate the Siamese patriot Naresuan.
 

King Sinbyushin

King Sinbyushin (A.D 1763-76) was the third king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung dynasty in Myanmar. He pursued a policy of expansion at the expense of practically all his neighbours.SinphyushinminSinbyushin's most important single project was the subjugation of Siam (now Thailand).
 

King Binnya Dala

King Binnya Dala (1747-57) was the last king of Bago in southern Myanmar, whose independence from the northern Myanmars was revived briefly between 1740 and 1757. In 1747 Binnya Dala succeeded Smim Htaw Buddhaketi, who had seven years earlier been set up as king of the Mon in the new capital of Bago after their successful revolt against the Myanmars.
 

King Tharyarwaddy

King Tharyarwaddy (A.D. 1837-1846) was the eighth king of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty of Myanmar, who repudiated the Treaty of Yandabo and nearly brought about a war with the British. Tharyarwaddy in 1837 deposed his brother Bagyidaw (reigned 1819-37), who had been obliged to sign the humiliating treaty that ceded the provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim to the British.
 

King Alaungpaya

King Alaungpaya (1752-1760) was also known as U Aung Zeya, and also meaning "The Victorious" in Myanmar. He was born in Shwebo in upper Myanmar. He was the one who unified Myanmar and founded the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, which held power until the British annexed Upper (northern) Myanmar on Jan. 1, 1886. He also conquered the independent Mon kingdom of Bago (in the Ayeyarwaddy River delta).
 

King Thibaw

King Thibaw (A.D. 1881-1885) was the 11th generation of the Konbaung Dynasty. King Thibaw was the last king of the Myanmar Monarch. He became the King of Myanmar in 1881 at the age of 16. He was born a royal prince from the Queen mother named as Queen Laung Shay. He was known to be the youngest prince among all his siblings. But as all the princes were killed in different circumstance, he was the only heir left to the throne of the Konbaung Dynasty.
 

King Bodawpaya

ဳKing Bodawpaya (1782-1819) was one of the greatest king of Myanmar, sixth monarch of the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty, in whose reign (1782-1819) the long conflict began with the British.
 

Sayar San

Sayar San's (1930-1932) real name was U Ya Gyaw. He was born in Thayet Kan, Shwebo District, Mandalay Division. Once he became the leader of anti-British rebellion of 1930-32 in Myanmar, he was known as Saya San. Saya San was a native of Shwebo,
 

King Bagyidaw

Bagyidaw (A.D 1819-1837), king of Myanmar from 1819 to 1837. The seventh monarch of the Konbaung, or Alaungpaya dynasty, he was defeated in the First Anglo-Myanmar War (1824-26). As a result of his defeat, the provinces of Rakhine and Thanintharyi were lost to the British.Bagyidaw was the grandson of King Bodawpaya, who had narrowly avoided war with the British over the frontier between Bengal and Rakhine.
 

U Shwe Yoe @ U Ba Ga Lay

U Shwe Yoe's original name was U Ba Ga Lay. He was a pioneer famous Cartoonist, Actor, Comedian and Dancer. U Ba Ga Lay invented Myanmar's most famous Dance and Character known as U Shwe Yoe. He was born in 1893, Pathein, the delta region of Myanmar. His parents were U Pho Thi and Daw Thae Mhone, both were teachers of Pathein High School. He died in 1945 at the age of 52.
 

General Maha Bandoola

General Maha Bandoola (1824-1826) was one of Myanmar's brave general who fought against the British in the First Anglo-Myanmar War. In 1819 Maha Bandoola served in the Myanmar army occupying Manipur, and two years later he commanded a second Myanmar force in the conquest of Assam. King Bagyidaw subsequently appointed him governor of Assam and minister at the court of Inwa.