Bando or animal system is the ancient art of self-defense from Myanmar. The earliest meanings of Bando were "self-discipline, self-development, and self-improvement". Later, it came to mean, "Self-protection, or self-defense".
Bando includes the empty-hands methods and animal forms: eagle, bull, cobra, panther, and monkey.
The name of the animals indicate the characteristics of the forms. Thus the Python form includes crushing, strangling and gripping moves while the Tiger form applies to maneuvers which involve clawing and ripping. The Deer form has been given that name because it is meant to develop alertness in the bandoist.
Various bando arts are still very popular in Myanmar, especially among scholars. There are great number of schools and styles.
The main branches are:
Nan twin Thaing (Royal Palace style)
Pyompya Thaing (School of the ”hard-soft way”)
ganadai Thaing (Snake style)
Shan Thaing (a martial art with the Chinese influence)